Automotive Plastic Mold Classification
There are many methods for classifying automotive plastic molds. According to the different methods of plastic parts molding, they can be divided into the following categories.
The injection mold is also called an injection mold. The molding process of such a mold is characterized in that the plastic raw material is placed in a heating cylinder of the injection machine. The plastic is heated and melted, and is driven by the screw or plunger of the injection machine to enter the mold cavity through the pouring system of the nozzle and the mold. The plastic is molded in the mold cavity by heat preservation, pressure keeping, cooling and solidification. Since the heating and pressurizing device can function in stages, injection molding can not only form plastic parts with complicated shapes, but also has high production efficiency and good quality.
Therefore, injection molding accounts for a large proportion in the molding of plastic parts, and the injection mold accounts for more than half of the plastic molding mold. The injection machine is mainly used for the molding of thermoplastics, and has been gradually used for the molding of thermosetting plastics in recent years.
2. Compression mode
The compression mold is also called a compression mold or a compression mold. The molding process of the mold is characterized in that the plastic raw material is directly added into the open mold cavity, and then the mold is closed. After the plastic is molten under the action of heat and pressure, the cavity is filled with a certain pressure. At this point, the molecular structure of the plastic produces a chemical cross-linking reaction that gradually hardens and sets. Compression molds are mostly used for thermosetting plastics, and their molded parts are mostly used for housings and daily necessities of electrical switches.
Transfer molds are also called injection molds or extrusion molds. The molding process of the mold is characterized in that the plastic raw material is added into the preheating charging chamber, and then the pressure is applied to the plastic raw material in the feeding chamber by the pressing column. The plastic is melted under high temperature and high pressure and enters the cavity through the casting system of the mold, and then Chemical cross-linking occurs and gradually solidifies. The transfer molding process is mostly used for thermosetting plastics, and it can form plastic parts with more complicated shapes.
4. Extrusion die
The extrusion die is also called the extruder head. The mold can continuously produce plastics with the same cross-sectional shape, such as plastic pipes, rods, sheets, and the like. The apparatus for heating and pressurizing the extruder is the same as that of the injection machine. The molten plastic passes through the machine head to form a continuous molded part, which is particularly efficient.
In addition to the types of plastic molds listed above, there are vacuum forming dies, compressed air dies, blow molding dies, low foaming plastic dies, and the like.